302. spurn /spɜːn/
303. compromising /ˈkɒmprəmaɪzɪŋ/
304. commend /kəˈmɛnd/
306. cerebral /ˈsɛrɪbrəl/
307. discern /dɪˈsɜːn/
308. innuendo /ˌɪnjʊˈɛndəʊ/
309. atonality /ˌeɪtəʊˈnælɪtɪ, ˌæ-/
310. affable /ˈæfəbəl/
311. craven /ˈkreɪvən/
312. magnanimous /mæɡˈnænɪməs/
313. antecedent /ˌæntɪˈsiːdənt/
314. aplomb /əˈplɒm/
315. apropos /ˌæprəˈpəʊ/
316. anguish /ˈæŋɡwɪʃ/
317. auspicious /ɔːˈspɪʃəs/
318. beleaguer /bɪˈliːɡə/
319. sullen /ˈsʌlən/
320. circumvent /ˌsɜːkəmˈvɛnt/
321. conciliate /kənˈsɪlɪˌeɪt/
322. deleterious /ˌdɛlɪˈtɪərɪəs/
323. fecund /ˈfiːkənd, ˈfɛk-/
324. fleeting /ˈfliːtɪŋ/
325. fortitude /ˈfɔːtɪˌtjuːd/
326. impasse /æmˈpɑːs/
327. implausible /ɪmˈplɔːzəbəl/
328. incorporate /ɪnˈkɔːpəˌreɪt/
329. insurmountable /ˌɪnsəˈmaʊntəbəl/
330. libelous /'laibələs/
331. licentious /laɪˈsɛnʃəs/
332. noxious /ˈnɒkʃəs/
333. opacity /əʊˈpæsɪtɪ/
334. perfidy /ˈpɜːfɪdɪ/
335. profligacy /ˈprɒflɪɡəsɪ/
336. propitiate /prəˈpɪʃɪˌeɪt/
337. sinecure /ˈsaɪnɪˌkjʊə, ˈsɪn-/
338. squander /ˈskwɒndə/
339. triage /ˈtriːˌɑːʒ/
340. triumvirate /traɪˈʌmvɪrɪt/
341. vacuous /ˈvækjʊəs/
342. vertiginous /vɜːˈtɪdʒɪnəs/
343. zealous /ˈzɛləs/
344. copious /ˈkəʊpɪəs/
345. acerbic /əˈsɜːbɪk/
346. solicitous /səˈlɪsɪtəs/
347. adhere /ədˈhɪə/
349. thrive /θraɪv/
350. antediluvian /ˌæntɪdɪˈluːvɪən/
N-UNCOUNT If you say that someone has no compunction about doing something, you mean that they do it without feeling ashamed or guilty. 悔恨 [表不满]
He has no compunction about relating how he killed his father.
spurn/spɜːn/ ( spurning, spurned, spurns )
V-T If you spurn someone or something, you reject them. 拒绝
He spurned the advice of management consultants.
ADJ If you describe information or a situation as compromising, you mean that itreveals an embarrassing or guilty secret about someone. 败坏名声的
How had this compromising picture come into thepossession of the press?
commend /kəˈmɛnd/ CET6 TEM4 ( commending, commended, commends )
V-T If you commend someone orsomething, you praise them formally. 表杨; 称赞 [正式]
I commended her for that action.
1.ADJ Stark choices orstatements are harsh and unpleasant. 严酷的
Companies face a stark choice if they want to stay competitive.
2. starkly ADV 严酷地
That issue is presented starkly and brutally by Bob Graham and David Cairns.
3. ADJ If two things are instark contrast to one another, they are very different from each other in a waythat is very obvious. (对比) 鲜明的
...secret cooperation betweenLondon and Washington that was in stark contrast toofficial policy.
cerebral /ˈsɛrɪbrəl/ TEM8
ADJ If you describe someoneor something as cerebral, you mean that they are intellectual rather thanemotional. 理智的; 理性的 [正式]
Washington struck me as aprecarious place from which to publish such a cerebral newspaper.
discern/dɪˈsɜːn/ CET6 TEM4 ( discerning,discerned, discerns )
1. V-TIf you can discern something, you are aware of it and know what it is. 认识; 了解 [正式]
You needa long series of data to be able to discern such atrend.
2. V-TIf you can discern something, you can just see it, but not clearly. 隐约看见 [正式]
Belowthe bridge we could just discern a narrow, weedy ditch.
innuendo /ˌɪnjʊˈɛndəʊ/ ( innuendos )
N-VAR Innuendo is indirectreference to something rude or unpleasant.影射; 暗讽
The report was based on rumors, speculation, and innuendo.
→ compare tonality
N absence of or disregard foran established musical key in a composition无调性
affable /ˈæfəbəl/ TEM8
ADJ Someone who is affable ispleasant and friendly. 和蔼的
Mr. Brooke is an extremely affable and approachable man.
craven /ˈkreɪvən/ TEM8
ADJ Someone who is craven isvery cowardly. 懦弱的 [书面]
They condemned the deal as a craven surrender.
ADJ If you are magnanimous,you behave kindly and generously toward someone, especially after defeatingthem or being treated badly by them. 宽宏大量的 [usu ADV with v]
I was prepared to be magnanimous, prepared to feel compassion for him.
antecedent /ˌæntɪˈsiːdənt/TEM4 ( antecedents )
N-COUNT An antecedent ofsomething happened or existed before it and was similar to it in some way. 先例 [正式] [usu with supp]
We shall first look brieflyat the historical antecedents of this theory.
N-UNCOUNT If you do somethingwith aplomb, you do it with confidence in a relaxed way. 沉着; 镇定 [正式] [usu 'with' N]
1. PREP Something that isapropos, or apropos of, a subject or event, is connected with it or relevant toit. 关于 [正式]
All my suggestions aproposthe script were accepted.
2. PREP Apropos or apropos ofis used to introduce something that you are going to say that is related to thesubject you have just been talking about. 谈及 [正式]
She was no longer sure of herposition. Apropos of that, it was clearly time for more persuasion.
anguish /ˈæŋɡwɪʃ/ CET6+ TEM8
N-UNCOUNT Anguish is greatmental suffering or physical pain. 极度痛苦
Mark looked at him inanguish.
auspicious /ɔːˈspɪʃəs/ TEM8
ADJ Something that isauspicious indicates that success is likely. 有望成功的 [正式]
His career as a playwrighthad an auspicious start.
V to trouble persistently;harass 使烦恼
sullen /ˈsʌlən/ CET6+ TEM4
ADJ Someone who is sullen isbad-tempered and does not speak much. 愤懑的
The offenders lapsed into a sullen silence.
circumvent/ˌsɜːkəmˈvɛnt/ TEM8 ( circumventing,circumvented, circumvents )
V-T Ifsomeone circumvents a rule or restriction, they avoid having to obey the ruleor restriction, in a clever and perhaps dishonest way. (利用小聪明)回避 [正式]
Militaryplanners tried to circumvent the treaty.
conciliate /kənˈsɪlɪˌeɪt/TEM8 ( conciliating, conciliated, conciliates )
V-T/V-I If you conciliatesomeone, you try to end a disagreement with them. 安抚; 劝慰 [正式]
His duty was to conciliate the people, not to provoke them.
ADJSomething that has a deleterious effect on something has a harmful effect onit. 有害的 [正式]
Pettycrime is having a deleterious effect oncommunity life.
fecund /ˈfiːkənd, ˈfɛk-/ TEM8
1. ADJ Land or soil that isfecund is able to support the growth of a large number of strong healthyplants. 肥沃的 [正式]
The pampas are still amongthe most fecund lands in the world.
2. ADJ If you describesomething as fecund, you approve of it because it produces a lot of good oruseful things. 多产的; 丰饶的 [正式]
It has now become clear how extraordinarily fecund a decade was the 1890s.
fleeting /ˈfliːtɪŋ/ TEM8
1. ADJ Fleeting is used todescribe something which lasts only for a very short time. 短暂的
The girls caught only a fleeting glimpse of the driver.
2. fleetingly ADV 短暂地
A smile passed fleetinglyacross his face.
fortitude /ˈfɔːtɪˌtjuːd/ TEM4
N-UNCOUNT If you say thatsomeone has shown fortitude, you admire them for being brave, calm, anduncomplaining when they have experienced something unpleasant or painful. 刚毅 [正式]
He suffered a long series ofillnesses with tremendous dignity and fortitude.
impasse /æmˈpɑːs/ TEM8
N-SING If people are in adifficult position in which it is impossible to make any progress, you canrefer to the situation as an impasse. 僵局
The company says it has reached an impasse in negotiations with the union.
ADJ Ifyou describe something as implausible, you believe that it is unlikely to betrue.难以置信的
I had toadmit it sounded like an implausible excuse.
incorporate/ɪnˈkɔːpəˌreɪt/ CET6 TEM4 (incorporating, incorporated, incorporates )
1. V-TIf one thing incorporates another thing, it includes the other thing. 包含 [正式]
The newcars will incorporate a number of major improvements.
2. V-TIf someone or something is incorporated into a large group, system, or area,they become a part of it. 使并入 [正式]
Theagreement would allow the rebels to be incorporatedinto a new national police force.
1. ADJ Aproblem that is insurmountable is so great that it cannot be dealt withsuccessfully. 不可克服的
Thecrisis doesn't seem like an insurmountable problem.
1. ADJ If you describe a person as licentious, you mean that they are very immoral, especially in theirsexual behaviour. (尤指性行为)不道德的 [正式]
...alarming stories of licentious behaviour.
2. licentiousness N-UNCOUNT
1. ADJ A noxious gas orsubstance is poisonous or very harmful. 有毒的; 有害的 [usu ADJ n]
Many household products give off noxious fumes.
2. ADJ If you refer tosomeone or something as noxious, you mean that they are extremely unpleasant. 令人厌恶的 [正式][usu ADJ n]
...the heavy, noxious smell of burning sugar, butter, fats, andflour.
Their behavior was noxious.
1. N-UNCOUNT Opacity is thequality of being difficult to see through. 不透明性 [正式]
Opacity of the eye lens can be induced by deficiency ofcertain vitamins.
2. N-UNCOUNT If you refer to something's opacity, you mean that it is difficult to understand. 晦涩难懂 [正式]
...a stupefying verbal opacity.
N-UNCOUNT Perfidy is theaction of betraying someone or behaving very badly toward someone. 背信弃义; 不仁不义 [文学性]
N-UNCOUNT Profligacy is thespending of too much money or the using of too much of something. 挥霍; 浪费 [正式]
...the continuing profligacy of certain states.
propitiate /prəˈpɪʃɪˌeɪt/ (propitiating, propitiated, propitiates )
V-T If you propitiatesomeone, you stop them from being angry or impatient by doing something toplease them. 使息怒; 和解 [正式]
I've never gone out of my wayto propitiate people.
These ancient ceremonies propitiate the spirits of the waters.
sinecure /ˈsaɪnɪˌkjʊə, ˈsɪn-/( sinecures )
N-COUNT A sinecure is a jobfor which you receive payment but which does not involve much work orresponsibility. 闲职
She found him an exalted sinecure as a Fellow of the Library ofCongress.
squander /ˈskwɒndə/ TEM4 ( squandering, squandered, squanders )
V-T If you squander money,resources, or opportunities, you waste them. 浪费 (金钱、资源或机会)
Hobbs didn't squander his money on flashy cars or other vices.
N-UNCOUNT Triage is theprocess of quickly examining sick or injured people, for example, after anaccident or a battle, so that those who are in the most serious condition canbe treated first. (如事故、战斗后迅速查看伤员以决定哪些人应优先治疗的)伤病员鉴别分类 [医学][oft N n]
...the triage process.
N-SING-COLL A triumvirate isa group of three people who work together, especially when they are in chargeof something. (尤指负责某事的)三人工作组 [正式] [oft N 'of' n]
...the triumvirate of women who worked together on the TVdramatization of the novel.
ADJ If you describe a personor their comments as vacuous, you are critical of them because they lackintelligent thought or ideas. 思想贫乏的 [表不满]
Male models are not always so vacuous as they are made out to be.
ADJ A vertiginous cliff ormountain is very high and steep. 高而陡峭的 [文学性] [usu ADJ n]
ADJSomeone who is zealous spends a lot of time or energy in supporting somethingthat they believe in very strongly, especially a political or religious ideal. (尤指对政治或宗教理想) 热衷的
She wasa zealous worker for charity.
ADJ A copious amount ofsomething is a large amount of it. 大量的
I went out for dinner lastnight and drank copious amounts of red wine.
ADJ Acerbic humour iscritical and direct. 尖刻的 [正式]
He was acclaimed for hisacerbic wit and repartee.
1. ADJ A person who issolicitous shows anxious concern for someone or something. 挂念的 [正式] [oft ADJ 'of' n]
He was so solicitous of his guests.
2. solicitously ADV
He took her hand in greetingand asked solicitously how everything was.
adhere /ədˈhɪə/ CET6 TEM4 ( adhering, adhered, adheres )
1. V-IIf you adhere to a rule or agreement, you act in the way that it says youshould. 遵守
Allmembers of the association adhere to a strict code ofpractice.
2. V-IIf something adheres to something else, it sticks firmly to it. 紧贴
Smallparticles adhere to the seed.
thrive/θraɪv/ CET4 TEM4 ( thriving, thrived,thrives )
1. V-IIf someone or something thrives, they do well and are successful, healthy, orstrong. 兴旺发达; 茁壮成长
He appears to be thriving.
Todayher company continues to thrive.
2. V-IIf you say that someone thrives on a particular situation, you mean that theyenjoy it or that they can deal with it very well, especially when other peoplefind it unpleasant or difficult. 喜欢; 从容应对 (尤指别人不喜欢或认为困难的事)
Manypeople thrive on a stressful lifestyle.
ADJ Antediluvian things areold or old-fashioned. 陈旧的; 过时的 [幽默]
...antediluvianattitudes to women.